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What Are Some Interesting Biotechnology Topics?
Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.
Genetic-based animal biotechnology has produced new food and pharmaceutical products and promises many more advances to benefit humankind. These exciting prospects are accompanied by considerable unease, however, about matters such as safety and ethics.
This book identifies science-based and policy-related concerns about animal biotechnology—key issues that must be resolved before the new breakthroughs can reach their potential. The book includes a short history of the field and provides understandable definitions of terms like cloning.
Biotechnology in animals and animal experiments
Looking at technologies on the near horizon, the authors discuss what we know and what we fear about their effects—the inadvertent release of dangerous microorganisms, the safety of products derived from biotechnology, the impact of genetically engineered animals on their environment.
In addition to these concerns, the book explores animal welfare concerns, and our societal and institutional capacity to manage and regulate the technology and its products.
This accessible volume will be important to everyone interested in the implications of the use of animal biotechnology. The National Academies Press and the Transportation Research Board have partnered with Copyright Clearance Center to offer a variety of options for reusing our content.
You may request permission to:.A licence is required for the use of biomedical techniques, such as genetic modification, in animals. The Government hopes that to see a reduction in animal testing. The Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality will only issue a licence for biotechnological interventions if they:.
Aroundanimal experiments were conducted in the Netherlands in The Government wants to reduce these levels, and has therefore introduced strict rules for the conduct of animal experiments.
Scientists are also looking for alternatives, such as specially cultivated cells and computer simulations. Animal experiments are used to develop and test new drugs, or for research into serious diseases, among other things. Animal experimentation is subject to a large number of rules in the Netherlands.
Universities and private sector research centres carry out the majority of animal experiments. This is always subject to licence. Since there has been a ban in the Netherlands on experiments on apes such as chimpanzees and gorillas. Animal testing of cosmetics is also prohibited. The Government promotes research into alternatives to animal testing.
As long as there is still a need for animal testing the Government would like to reduce and refine such experimentation as far as possible. Biotechnology in animals and animal experiments A licence is required for the use of biomedical techniques, such as genetic modification, in animals.Biotechnology and Bioengineering News.
Genetic Control for Major Agricultural Weeds? A novel approach known as Although scientists are a long way from making a completely artificial life form, they have made However, to date, the precise mechanisms that cause bacterial death have been unknown.
Like their electronic counterparts in computers, these biochemical tools can be used to program the behavior of complex A team of microbiologists developed a modular system for the genetic reprogramming of bacteria, thereby turning the The system is versatile, customizable, and ultimately provides effective gene editing, activation, and repression all in one The technique they used provides a promising strategy for The new genetic circuit could become a useful new tool for synthetic biologists who, as a field, are looking for Computer-Generated Genomes Feb.
They have made Summaries Headlines. Their technique makes it possible to produce more This is the first time anyone Opening up these areas of the genetic code is They demonstrated, in a new study, that Glra4 is not a brain exclusive gene, as was The researchers believe that the It has dramatically improved biochemical features, including enhanced stability and intrinsic cell penetrating properties. This technology paves the way for the therapeutic use Researchers outline the technological advances needed to secure a safe, responsible It addresses the problem of genome instability caused by DNA double-stranded breaks in current However, antibody availability is often limited, and genetic manipulation is labor With this new approach, the researchers hope to dramatically Friday, January 31, Load more stories.
Living Well. View all the latest top news in the environmental sciences, or browse the topics below:.One biotechnology topic is the genetic modification of crops. There are also a variety of biotech companies that are coming out with treatments for patients dealing with major illnesses such as breast cancer. There are even attempts to develop new drugs to save the lives of pets. One aspect of agricultural biotech is the process of changing the genes of plants for better crop development.
This process allows farmers to produce crops at cheaper levels. Biotech methods are used to make certain crops, such as cotton and soybeans, more resistant to herbicides.
Genetic modification is also used to lower fats in cooking oil and enhance nutrients that fight diseases. In the area of medicine, biotech investors are interested in companies that develop drug therapies for cancer patients. For example, the drug Neuvax treats breast cancer and tumor growth. These types of medicines disrupt molecules associated with cancer growth, and they are known as targeted cancer therapies. Some biotech firms innovate therapies for dogs and cats. Drugs for cancer, diabetes and arthritis in people can be transferred to animals, and there are already certain medicines that treat humans and animals.
For instance, the antidepressant drug Prozac is also known as Reconcile in the veterinarian world, and it is used to treat separation anxiety in dogs. Home Science. What Is Traditional Biotechnology?
Hot topics in animal science and production
What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Biotechnology? Why Do Leaves Turn Brown?Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks.
Five overarching concerns of animal biotechnology dominated discussions before the committee. The first was whether anything theoretically could go wrong with any of the technologies.
For example, is it theoretically possible that a vector used for gene transfer could escape and become integrated into the DNA of another organism and thereby create a hazard? The second was whether the food and other products of animal biotechnology, whether genetically engineered or not, or from clones, are substantially different from those derived by more traditional, extant technologies. A third major concern was whether the technologies raise novel environmental issues, and a fourth was whether they raise animal welfare issues.
Finally, there was concern as to whether the statutory tools of the various government departments and agencies involved are sufficiently well-defined and whether the technologic expertise and capacity within agencies are sufficient to cope with the new technologies, should they be deemed to pose a hazard. There are currently about 9 million dairy cows, 5 million dairy heifers, and 85 million beef cattle and calves in the United States, and approximately million hogs are slaughtered annually.
However, trends in food consumption are changing. Even as the demand for red meat remains high, many consumers are changing their preferences from red meat to alternative protein sources. Americans consumed 82 pounds of chicken per capita in compared to Sales of farmed fish also have increased markedly as fish farming has become more productive and efficient.
The main fish products traded domestically and internationally are shrimp and prawnsAtlantic and coho salmon, and mollusks, but the market shares of tilapia, sea bass, and sea bream are increasing Lem, Carp is, by far, the finfish type produced in largest quantity worldwide, with production about ten times that of salmon FAO,but is primarily consumed domestically in Asian countries, rather than traded.
Channel catfish constitutes the major species of finfish farmed in the United States Lem, Per capita demand for high-quality meat and fish products is expected to increase both in response to rising world population and to improvements in the standard of living over the next 25 years Pinstrup-Andersen and Pandya-Lorch, As a consequence of increased demand for meat and the deterioration and loss of agricultural land, there is pressure to utilize the potential for biotechnology to improve productivity in animal agriculture.
As the techniques for producing transgenic animals become more efficient and as more is known about controlling how inserted genes are expressed, it is likely that the approaches soon can be integrated into agriculture. Indeed, the commercial production of transgenic fish, which is likely to occur worldwide, already is imminent.
Genetically engineered poultry, swine, goats, cattle, and other livestock also are beginning to be used as generators of pharmaceutical and other products, potential sources for replacement organs for humans, and models for human disease. The technology to produce foreign proteins in milk by expressing novel genes in the mammary glands of livestock already has advanced beyond the experimental stage, with some of the products currently in clinical trials Colman, ; Murray and Maga, In theory, transgenic animals can provide milk that is more nutritious for the consumer, or that is enhanced for certain protein components that might be valuable for.
However, the largest investments in the technology to date have been made by pharmaceutical companies interested in producing enzymes, clotting factors, and other bioactive proteins in milk.As we all know biotechnology is a very interesting subject that combines biology with technology and offers a vast opportunity for making new innovations. But before getting a profession on this subject an individual has to go through several research studies along with thorough understanding of the subject.
After starting career also, we have to do research for finding some novel inventions that can help the world. Biotechnology is a part of various courses of life science subjects including Pharmacy.
Students pursuing graduation, post-graduation or PhD have to do the project work and write their thesis for the fulfillment of their degree. While choosing a topic for pursuing research in biotechnology, we should select a topic that will actually make us interest.
Depending on our interest and preferences the topic for research may vary. Some of the major topics that can be taken for research by biotech researchers are:.
Another important ground for research in plant biotechnology is making an investigation of the genetic determinants of plant retorts to scarcity and salinity that have a major impact on crop yielding and food.
Some of the topics that can be taken are. Topics that can be taken are. Research can be done for development of new methods and procedures for industries of food and water.
Some of the interesting topics are:. This field includes high profile study of protein expression profiles for scrutinizing proteome profiles. Some of the interesting topics are.
This is another important part of biotechnology research and current trend is identifying novel diagnostic tools for fighting cancer.
Have a look on some of the topics that can be taken for research. Here comes another interesting part of biotechnology, that can be utilized for recognizing some powerful tools for addressing major health problems. We tried to cover the important topics for research work. Excluding these many other topics are there which could be selected as per our interest, facilities and funds available to do the project, resources and time limit.Federal government websites always use a. Animal health related resources, including animal diseases, animal management, and animal health research.
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